The Yorkshire Terrier is a very sweet looking toy dog with a very distinctive and unique look. These tiny canines start off as black and tan but as they grow older, the black part of the coat turns a steely-blue in color. The luxurious coat parts all the way down the body, from the face to the rum, and curtains the terrier’s body evenly. The coat is very soft and silky, with masses of hair framing the face, which is often tied up with a bow for practical and aesthetic purposes. The Yorkshire Terrier has a medium sized muzzle, with pointed, furry ears. Its face is small and sweet, with sparkly dark eyes and an intelligent, alert expression.
As small as the Yorkshire Terrier is, it is a dog that thrives on excitement and adventure. The Yorkshire Terrier is an eager, enthusiastic and excitable little dog, with bags of energy and intelligence. It is also a loyal and courageous breed, and can be something of a live wire when it comes to energy levels. Although the Yorkshire Terrier is an affectionate and loyal dog, it can get snappy and irritable when teased or scared and may therefore make a better pet for families with older children rather than youngsters that may not know any better. This breed is generally very protective despite the tiny size, and can be aggressive with strangers and other pets. A Yorkshire Terrier will want and enjoy plenty of attention and time from its owner.
Height and Weight
The tiny Yorkshire Terrier grows to around six or seven inches in height. The weight of this breed, based on a balanced diet, will reach approximately seven pounds.
Common Health and Behavioral Problems
The Yorkshire Terrier may be prone to spinal problems, which can lead to reduced mobility. The small size and fragility of this breed also makes is a prime risk for damaged or broken bones as the event of a household accident. Bronchitis and digestive issues are also ones to look out for with this breed. And the diet of a Yorkshire Terrier must be carefully planned, as the breed is known to be at higher risk from tooth decay and oral problems.
Ideal Living Conditions
The Yorkshire Terrier’s size and temperament makes it an ideal dog for apartments as well as houses. This breed does not necessarily need a garden, although he will need to be taken for moderate exercise. Bear in mind that the Yorkshire Terrier also likes warm environments and does not like extreme cold temperatures.
The Yorkshire Terrier does not need vast amounts of exercise, although like all creatures he does need to be encouraged to take part in moderate levels of activity. However, this is an energetic little breed and will require very little encouragement!
Diet and Nutrition
The diet of this small dog needs to be carefully monitored. You should try and feed him dry, nutritious food to keep tooth decay at bay. Avoid the temptation to overfeed your Yorkshire Terrier as this could lead to obesity and a myriad of related problems. Fresh water should always be accessible.
The life expectancy of a healthy well looked after Yorkshire Terrier is around 12-15 years of age.
Brushing your Yorkshire Terrier on a daily basis will help to keep the luxurious coat of this dog silky-soft. You should also ensure that the teeth of the dog are regularly brushed due to the breed’s tendency to suffer tooth decay.
The Yorkshire Terrier originates from Great Britain, and in stark contrast with it’s easy lifestyle today, used to be a real working man’s dog used to find and catch rats in the old English mines. The Yorkshire Terrier is thought to have originated from breeding between dogs such as the Skye Terrier, Maltese, Paisley and Clydesdale Terrier. Making its first appearance in the United States in the late nineteenth century, the breed quickly gained popularity as a toy pet dog. The American Kennel Club first registered the breed in 1936.
Will a Yorkshire Terrier be a suitable dog for my family?
- Yes, if you want a tiny dog (under 15lbs)
- Whatever size of back yard you have, or if you have no back yard at all
- And if you do have a back yard, whether it is securely fenced or not
- If you are able to spend at least 1-2 hours total per day for the feeding, exercising, training, and grooming of your dog
- You want a dog with a long coat
- Ideally you want a dog that doesn’t shed, but you will need to groom/clip the coat regularly to keep it in good condition. It’s believed that this type of dog causes less problems for humans with pet hair allergies
- As long as everyone in your house (or who visits regularly) is over the age of 25
- You have plenty of time and persistence to spend housebreaking your dog
- You want a dog that’s active as a puppy but that settles as he becomes an adult. The Yorkie is a good choice for a dog that needs to be left home alone during the day
- If you don’t mind a dog that can be a little stubborn when it comes to training
- You want a dog that will bark to warn you of odd noises or strangers
- The Yorkie is a great choice for the first time dog owner
Yorkshire Terrier Stat Chart
Ease of training: 1 is hard to train, 3 is average, 5 is easy
Ease of grooming: 1 is hard to groom, 3 is average, 5 is easy
Sociability: 1 is not social, 3 is average, 5 is very social
Guarding: 1 is not a good guard dog, 3 is average, 5 is very good guard dog
Suitable for Apartments: 1 is not suitable, 3 is average, 5 is very suitable
Noisiness: 1 is quiet, 3 is average, 5 is loud
Biting and Nipping: 1 is doesn’t nip/bite, 3 is average, 5 high chance of biting/nipping
Energy Level: 1 is low energy, 3 is average, 5 is high energy
Shedding: 1 is low energy, 3 is average, 5 is high shedding
Affection: 1 is not very friendly, 3 is average, 5 is very friendly
Exercise Requirements: 1 is low exercise needed, 3 is average, 5 is a lot of exercise
Size: Toy or Tiny
Life span: Over 12 Years
Exercise: Up to 30 minutes per day
Grooming: Every day
Coat length: Long
Coat sheds?: No
Ideal Home Size: Large, Small
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